Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on Hungarian border regime

First wave of coronavirus pandemic generally caused border closures in the world – in most of the cases even without informing beforehand the neighbouring countries. These measures then caused serious problems to health service provision and economic performance of the given countries. During the second wave, there were rarely any examples of total sealing but the governments still made difficult the free movement by adopting diverse provisions. This phenomenon was challenging especially in the EU where cross-border integration has remarkably progressed, based on the principle of the four freedoms. The objective of our study is to document and analyse the changes along the Hungarian borders – with special emphasis on potential long-term impacts.